Pablo Picasso is one of the most famous artists of all time, and he's definitely the best-known cubist. He was born in Málaga, a city in Andalucía, in 1881, though he spent much of his life in France (like Dalí, he makes an appearance in one of my favorite movies, Midnight in Paris).
His most famous work is probably Guernica, inspired by the 1937 bombing of the town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. The bombs, however, were from German planes. Hitler, a supporter of Franco, had received permission to test new weapons in the area--Basque country, a Republican stronghold in the North.
This painting was Picasso's response:
What do you think? Does it capture the chaos of a bombing, the emotions, or does the cubism distance the viewer?
Now for writing: Do you know of any works that were a response to a highly specific event, such as Guernica?